IT band syndrome references

Scientific Papers
1. Van der Worp MP, van der Horst N, de Wijer A, Backx FJ, Nijhuis-van der Sanden MW (2012) Iliotibial band syndrome in runners: A systematic review. Sports Med 42: 969–992.
Fredericson M, Wolf C. Iliotibial band syndrome in runners: innovations in treatment. Sports Med, 2005;35:451-459.
2. Fairclough J, Hayashi K, Toumi H, et al. The functional anatomy of the iliotibial band during flexion and extension of the knee: implications for understanding iliotibial band syndrome. J Anat, 2006;208:309-316.
3. Ferber R, Noehren B, Hamill J, et al. Competitive female runners with a history of iliotibial band syndrome demonstrate atypical hip and knee kinematics. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 2010;40:52.
4. Fredericson M, Cookingham C, Chaudhari A, et al.. Hip abductor weakness in distance runners with iliotibial band syndrome. Clin J Sport Med, 2000;10:169-175.
5. Falvey E, Clark R, Franklyn-Miller A, et al. Iliotibial band syndrome: an examination of the evidence behind a number of treatment options. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 2010;20:580-587.
6. Hopper D, Deacon S, Das S, et al. Dynamic soft tissue mobilization increases hamstring flexibility in healthy male subjects. Br J Sports Med, 2005;39:594-598.
7. Guler-Uysl F, Kozanoglu E. Comparison of the early response to two methods of rehabilitation for adhesive capsulitis. Swiss Med Wkly, 2004;134:363-368.
8. Chang A, Hayes K, et al. Hip abduction moments and protection against medial tibiofemoral osteoarthritis progression. Arth Rheum, 2005;52:3515-3519.
9. Noehren, B., Davis, I., and Hamill, J. Prospective study of the biomechanical factors associated with iliotibial band syndrome. Clinical Biomechanics 2007;22:951–956
10. Murray, G. Tensile strength and elasticity tests on human fascia lata. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 1931; 13(2): 334.
11. Falvey, E.C. et al. Iliotibial band syndrome: an examination of the evidence behind a number of treatment options. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2010;20:580–587
12. Hamill, J. et al. A prospective study of iliotibial band strain in runners. Clinical Biomechanics;23(2008): 1018–1025.
13. Schleip, Robert; Müller, Divo Gitta (2013). “Training principles for fascial connective tissues: Scientific foundation and suggested practical applications”. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies 17 (1): 103–15.
14. Noehren B, Davis I, Hamill J. ASB clinical biomechanics award winner 2006 prospective study of the biomechanical factors associated with iliotibial band syndrome. Clin Biomech. 2007;22:951–6.


1. Schleip R., Findley T. W., Chaitow L., Huijing P. A., (2012), The tensional network of the human body, Churchill Livingstone, Elsevier, Edinburgh.
2. Johnson J., (2013),Treat Your Own Iliotibial Band Syndrome. Indianapolis, IN: Dog Ear Publishing, LLC.
3. Hafner P., (2011), The Iltiotibial Band Syndrome Manual, Treatment and Releif. Minneapolis, MN: Birchbark Publishing.
4. Ingraham P., (2014), Save yourself from IT Band Syndrome! Vancouver, British Columbia.
5. Pearlberg G., (2008), Run Tall Run Easy: The Ultimate Guide to Better Running Mechanics, 42K Books.

1. Click here to learn more about why knees snap, pop, or click.
2. In his article titled, “Iliotibial Tract,” Tim Taylor describes the iliotibial band in more detail. Click here to see the full article.
3. Click here to view an article on Nobel’s test.
4. Click here to view an article on Renne’s test.
5. Click here to view an article on Ober’s test.
6. In his article titled, “Is It Really The Shoes?”, Matt Fitzgerald argues that shoes are not mainly to blame for running injuries and that other factors contribute much more significantly. Clickhere to see the article.
7. In his article, “Why Aren’t Shoes Preventing Running Injuries?”, Ian McMahan helps understand why modern shoe technology has not reduced injury rates. Click here to see the article.
8. In his book, “The Runners Body”, Ross Tucker, PhD, argues that inflammation is a natural part of the healing process and helps build stronger more durable muscles and that anti-inflammatories may inhibit this process. Click here to read the article, “Inflammation: Friend or Foe?” by Pete Magill on this topic.
9. Kerrie Ann Frey massage discusses the benefits of massage for preventing and treating sports injuries. Click here to read her article from the February 2013 issue of Health & Fitness Magazine.

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